وَنَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُورِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا
مَنْ يَهْدِهِ ٱللَّهُ فَلا مُضِلَّ لَهُ، وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلَا هَادِيَ لَهُ
وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ
وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ
Indeed all praise is due to Allah; we seek His help, and we seek His forgiveness, and we seek refuge in Allah from the evil of our souls and the evil of our actions. Whomsoever Allah guides, none can misguide, and whomsoever Allah misguides, none can guide. We bear witness there is no diety worthy of worship except for Allah, the One Who has no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad ﷺ is His servant and messenger.
قَالَ ٱللَّهُ تَعَالَى؛ (أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ)
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِۦ
وَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا وَأَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ
O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him].
(Quran 3: 102)
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا النَّاسُاتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ
وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالاً كَثِيراً وَنِسَآءً ۚ
وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي تَسَآءَلُونَ بِهِۦوَالْأَرْحَامَ ۚ
إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيباً
O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer.
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلاً سَدِيداً
يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ ۗ
وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُۥ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزاً عَظِيماً
O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice.
(Quran 33: 70-71)
وَأَحْسَنُ الْهَدْيِ هَدْيُ مُحَمَّدٍ ﷺ
وَشَرُّالأُمُورِ مُحْدَثَاتُهَا وَكُلُّ مُحْدَثَةٍ بِدْعَةٌ
وَكُلُّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلالَةٌ وَكُلُّ ضَلالَةٍ فِي النَّارِ
The truest of word is the Book of Allah and best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammadﷺ. The worst of things are those that are newly invented; every newly-invented thing is an innovation and every innovation is going astray, and every going astray is in the Fire.
May peace and blessings be upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, his noble family, his companions and all those who follow their guidance till the Day of Qiamah.
My dear respected brothers & sisters;
The Quran is the word of Allah SWT, delivered in stages by the archangel Gabriel (Jibril) عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ to Muhammad ﷺ during the course of his ﷺ prophethood.
The first few verses were revealed in the month of Ramadhan, nearly 1500 years ago when Muhammad ﷺ was seeking seclusion in the cave of Hira', located in Jabal Nur, or Mountain of Light.
The mighty angel came and held Muhammad ﷺ forcefully until he ﷺ could not bear it anymore, and ordered him ﷺ to 'Iqra!' (read, recite or proclaim aloud). This happened 3 times. Each time Muhammad ﷺ replied that he ﷺ did not know how to read. After the third time Gabriel عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ revealed the first 5 verses of the Quran:
ٱقْرَأْ بِٱسْمِ رَبِّكَ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ
خَلَقَ ٱلْإِنسَٰنَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ
ٱقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ ٱلْأَكْرَمُ
ٱلَّذِى عَلَّمَ بِٱلْقَلَمِ
عَلَّمَ ٱلْإِنسَٰنَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ
Recite in the name of your Lord who created -
Created man from a clinging substance.
Recite, and your Lord is the most Generous -
Who taught by the pen -
Taught man that which he knew not.
(Quran 96: 1-5)
Behold! The first word of the Quran that was revealed was read! Allah ordered us to read and contemplate the verses of the Quran. In fact 3 verses distinctly stand out: 'Read (recite)'; 'pen' and 'taught'.
3 verses that are connected with learning and seeking knowledge.
The majority of the people at the time did not know how to read or write, let alone to teach someone else. Only a few privileged people knew. Therefore Islam emphasised in the very first proclamation the value of learning to read, write and seek knowledge. Because it is through knowledge that we learn to understand the Quran and its miracles; to know Allah. There is no place for ignorance in Islam.
The greatest miracle of Muhammad ﷺ was not magic or super powers but a book, the greatest of all books.
Allah explains what the Quran is, in the Quran itself:
شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ ٱلَّذِىٓ أُنزِلَ فِيهِ ٱلْقُرْءَانُ هُدًى لِّلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَٰتٍ مِّنَ ٱلْهُدَىٰ وَٱلْفُرْقَانِ ۚ
The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion.
(Quran 2: 185)
Over the next 23 years of Muhammad's ﷺ life, over 6000 versus making up 114 chapters of the Quran were revealed, and completed.
May Allah SWT gives us tawfiq to appreciate the Quran and be of those who regularly recite, contemplate and follow its true message. Ameen.
أَقُولُ قَوْ لِي هَذَا، وأَسْتِغْفِرُاللَّهَ الْعَظِيمَ لِي وَلَكُمْ
وَلِسَائِرِالْمُسْلِمِينِ ، فَاسْتَغْفِرُوهُ ، إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ ، وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ، وَالصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ
أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ قَالَ؛ بَلِّغُوا عَنِّي وَلَوْ آيَةً
Abu Hurairah RA reported: The Prophet ﷺ would review the Quran once every year in Ramadan and he ﷺ reviewed it twice in the year he ﷺ passed away. The Prophet ﷺ would seek spiritual retreat in the mosque for ten days every year and he ﷺ secluded himself for twenty days in the year he ﷺ passed away.
Therefore let us start as soon as possible to be reacquainted with the Quran in preparation for Ramadhan. Many of us are not in the habit of reading the Quran regularly, although knowing it is the word of Allah SWT.
Start with 5-10 verses a day (if possible with the translation) and start warming up towards Ramadhan InshaAllah.
Remember, that we are rewarded by Allah SWT for every letter of the Quran that we read. For those who may not be proficient but do their best to read will get extra reward for their efforts InshaAllah.
Finally the Quran is a source of guidance for mankind, and through its reading and understanding we remember Allah SWT and gain peace for our hearts.
Allah SWT says:
ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ وَتَطْمَئِنُّ قُلُوبُهُم بِذِكْرِ ٱللَّهِ ۗ أَلَا بِذِكْرِ ٱللَّهِ تَطْمَئِنُّ ٱلْقُلُوبُ
Those who have believed and whose hearts are assured by the remembrance of Allah. Unquestionably, by the remembrance of Allah hearts are assured.
(Quran 13: 28)
May Allah SWT give us the honour of delivering and listening to the first khutbah
addressing Ramadhan this year.
May Allah SWT give us tawfiq to benefit from what has been shared today. Ameen.
اَللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِلْمُسْلِمِيْنَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ
وَالْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ اْلأَحْيَاءِ مِنْهُمْ وَاْلأَمْوَاتِ
إِنَّكَ سَمِيْعٌ قَرِيْبٌ مُجِيْبُ الدَّعَوَاتِ
رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَا أَنفُسَنَا وَإِن لَّمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا
وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَالْخَاسِرِينَ
رَبَّنَا لاَ تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةً
إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْوَهَّابُ
رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً
وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ
إنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالْإِحْسَانِ وَإِيتَاءِ ذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ
وَيَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنْكَرِ وَالْبَغْيِ ۚ
يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ
Indeed, Allah orders justice and good conduct and giving to relatives and forbids immorality and bad conduct and oppression. He admonishes you that perhaps you will be reminded.
فَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ الْعَظِيمَ يَذْكُرْكُمْ، وَاشْكُرُوهُ عَلَى نِعَمِهِ يَزِدْكُمْ
وَلَذِكْرُ اللَّهِ أَكْبَرُ، وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَصْنَعُونَ