Taught By The Pen

Written on 03/03/2022


إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ لِلَّهِ ، نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ

وَنَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُورِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا

مَنْ يَهْدِهِ ٱللَّهُ فَلا مُضِلَّ لَهُ، وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلَا هَادِيَ لَهُ 

وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا  ٱللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ

وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ  

 

قَالَ ٱللَّهُ تَعَالَى؛ (أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ)

يَٰٓأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِۦ

وَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا  وَأَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ 

(Quran 3:102)

 

وَقَالَ تَعَالَى؛

يَٰٓأَيُّهَا النَّاسُاتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ

وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالاً كَثِيراً وَنِسَآءً  ۚ 

وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي تَسَآءَلُونَ بِهِۦوَالْأَرْحَامَ  ۚ 

إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيباً

(Quran 4:1)

 

وَقَالَ تَعَالَى؛

يَٰٓأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلاً سَدِيداً

يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ  ۗ

وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُۥ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزاً عَظِيماً

(Quran 33: 70-71)

 

فَإِنَّ أَصْدَقَ الْحَدِيثِ كِتَابُ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى

وَأَحْسَنُ الْهَدْيِ هَدْيُ مُحَمَّدٍ   

وَشَرُّالأُمُورِ مُحْدَثَاتُهَا وَكُلُّ مُحْدَثَةٍ بِدْعَةٌ 

وَكُلُّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلالَةٌ  وَكُلُّ ضَلالَةٍ فِي النَّارِ

 

أَمَّا بَعْدُ

 

All praise is due to Allah SWT, Lord of the worlds, The Cherisher, The Sustainer. 
May peace and blessings be upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad 
, his noble family, his companions and all those who follow their guidance till the Day of Qiamah.


Dear respected brothers & sisters;

 

Alhamdulillah, we thank Allah SWT for the blessings of Jummah and for allowing us to gather here today. 

We remind ourselves to fear Allah SWT as He should be feared. Fear Allah in all places and in all situations, at home and at work, in public and in private, and do not transgress His limits.

 

In the previous khutbah, we reminded ourselves about Ramadhan, as we enter into the month of Sha'ban.
 

As we all know, Ramadhan, the month of fasting, is just four weeks away (may Allah SWT give us the opportunity to experience this blessed month, Ameen).

 

We mentioned that we should start to prepare ourselves by doing extra ibadah these next few weeks. 

 

The goal of Ramadhan is to gain taqwa, to become closer to Allah SWT. One way of becoming closer to Allah SWT is to read and understand the words of Allah SWT, the noble Quran.

 

As we know, the Quran was delivered in stages by the angel Jibril عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ to Muhammad  during the course of his prophethood. 

 

The first few verses were revealed in the month of Ramadhan, nearly 1500 years ago when Muhammad  was seeking seclusion in the cave of Hira', located in Jabal Nur, or Mountain of Light. 


The mighty angel came and held Muhammad  forcefully until he could not bear it anymore, and ordered him to 'Iqra!' (read, recite or proclaim aloud). This happened 3 times. Each time Muhammad  replied that he did not know how to read.
 

After the third time Gabriel عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ revealed the first 5 verses of Surah Al Alaq:

 

ٱقْرَأْ بِٱسْمِ رَبِّكَ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ

خَلَقَ ٱلْإِنسَٰنَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ

ٱقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ ٱلْأَكْرَمُ

ٱلَّذِى عَلَّمَ بِٱلْقَلَمِ

عَلَّمَ ٱلْإِنسَٰنَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ

(As translated):

Recite in the name of your Lord who created.

Created man from a clinging substance.

Recite, and your Lord is the most Generous.

Who taught by the pen.

Taught man that which he knew not.

(Quran 96: 1-5)

 

Respected brothers and sisters;


Subhanallah. In the first few verses ever revealed, Allah ordered us to read and contemplate the verses of the Quran.


The majority of the people at the time did not know how to read or write. Therefore Islam emphasised from the beginning the value of learning to read, write and seeking knowledge.
 

Because it is through knowledge that we learn to understand the Quran and its miracles; to know Allah SWT.

 

The Quran is the greatest miracle of our beloved Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. Over the next 23 years his life, over 6000 versus making up 114 chapters of the Quran were revealed, and completed.

 

Allah explains what the Quran is, in Surah Al Baqarah:

 

شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ ٱلَّذِىٓ أُنزِلَ فِيهِ ٱلْقُرْءَانُ هُدًى لِّلنَّاسِ 

وَبَيِّنَٰتٍ مِّنَ ٱلْهُدَىٰ وَٱلْفُرْقَانِ ۚ

(As translated)
The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion.

(Quran 2: 185)

 

The Quran is a source of guidance for mankind, and through its reading and understanding we remember Allah SWT and gain peace in our hearts.

 

Allah SWT says in Surah Ar-Ra'd:

 

ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ وَتَطْمَئِنُّ قُلُوبُهُم بِذِكْرِ ٱللَّهِ ۗ أَلَا بِذِكْرِ ٱللَّهِ تَطْمَئِنُّ ٱلْقُلُوبُ

(As translated)

Those who have believed and whose hearts are assured by the remembrance of Allah. Unquestionably, by the remembrance of Allah hearts are assured.

(Quran 13: 28)


May Allah SWT gives us tawfiq to appreciate the Quran and be of those who regularly recite, contemplate and follow its true message. Ameen.

 

أَقُولُ قَوْ لِي هَذَا، وأَسْتِغْفِرُاللَّهَ الْعَظِيمَ لِي وَلَكُمْ

وَلِسَائِرِالْمُسْلِمِينِ ، فَاسْتَغْفِرُوهُ ، إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ

 


Second khutbah:

 

بِسْمِ اللهِ، وَالْحَمْدُ للهِ، وَالصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ 

صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ

 

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ : 

بَلِّغُوا عَنِّي وَلَوْ آيَةً

 

Dear respected brothers & sisters;

 

Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, reported: The Prophet  would review the Quran once every year in Ramadan and he reviewed it twice in the year he passed away.
 

The Prophet  would seek spiritual retreat in the mosque for ten days every year and he secluded himself for twenty days in the year he passed away.

 

Therefore let us start as soon as possible to be close to the Quran in preparation for Ramadhan. Many of us are not in the habit of reading the Quran regularly, even when we believe it is the word of Allah SWT.


Let us start with 5-10 verses a day (if possible with the translation) and start warming up towards Ramadhan, InshaAllah.


Remember, that we are rewarded by Allah SWT for every letter of the Quran that we read. For those who find it difficult to read will get extra reward for their efforts, InshaAllah.

 

May Allah SWT give us the opportunity to read and understand the whole Quran in Ramadhan this year.


May Allah SWT give us tawfiq to benefit from what has been shared today. Ameen.

 

Dua:

اَللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِلْمُسْلِمِيْنَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ

وَالْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ اْلأَحْيَاءِ مِنْهُمْ وَاْلأَمْوَاتِ

إِنَّكَ سَمِيْعٌ قَرِيْبٌ مُجِيْبُ الدَّعَوَاتِ

 

رَبَّنَا لَا تُؤَاخِذْنَآ إِن نَّسِينَآ أَوْ أَخْطَأْنَا ۚ

رَبَّنَا وَلَا تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْنَآ إِصْرًا كَمَا حَمَلْتَهُۥ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِنَا ۚ 

رَبَّنَا وَلَا تُحَمِّلْنَا مَا لَا طَاقَةَ لَنَا بِهِۦ ۖ وَٱعْفُ عَنَّاوَٱغْفِرْ لَنَا وَٱرْحَمْنَآ ۚأَنْتَ مَوْلَىٰنَا فَٱنْصُرْنَا عَلَى ٱلْقَوْمِ ٱلْكَٰفِرِينَ

 

رَبَّنَآ أَفْرِغْ عَلَيْنَا صَبْرًا وَثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَنَا 

وَٱنصُرْنَا عَلَى ٱلْقَوْمِ ٱلْكَٰفِرِينَ

 

رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَا أَنفُسَنَا وَإِن لَّمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا

وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَالْخَاسِرِينَ

 

رَبَّنَآ ءَامَنَّا فَٱغْفِرْ لَنَا وَٱرْحَمْنَا وَأَنتَ خَيْرُ ٱلرَّٰحِمِينَ


رَبَّنَا لاَ تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةً 

إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْوَهَّابُ

 

رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً  
وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

 

عِبَادَ اللَّهِ؛ 

إنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالْإِحْسَانِ  وَإِيتَاءِ ذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ  

وَيَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنْكَرِ وَالْبَغْيِ ۚ

يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ

(Quran 16:90)
 

فَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ الْعَظِيمَ يَذْكُرْكُمْ، وَاشْكُرُوهُ عَلَى نِعَمِهِ يَزِدْكُمْ  

وَلَذِكْرُ اللَّهِ أَكْبَرُ، وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَصْنَعُونَ

  

وَأَقِمِ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ

 

References:

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