إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ لِلَّهِ ، نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ
وَنَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُورِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا
مَنْ يَهْدِهِ ٱللَّهُ فَلا مُضِلَّ لَهُ، وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلَا هَادِيَ لَهُ
وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ
وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ
قَالَ ٱللَّهُ تَعَالَى؛ (أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ)
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِۦ
وَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا وَأَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا النَّاسُاتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ
وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالاً كَثِيراً وَنِسَآءً ۚ
وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي تَسَآءَلُونَ بِهِۦوَالْأَرْحَامَ ۚ
إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيباً
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلاً سَدِيداً
يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ ۗ
وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُۥ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزاً عَظِيماً
(Quran 33: 70-71)
فَإِنَّ أَصْدَقَ الْحَدِيثِ كِتَابُ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى
وَأَحْسَنُ الْهَدْيِ هَدْيُ مُحَمَّدٍ ﷺ
وَشَرُّالأُمُورِ مُحْدَثَاتُهَا وَكُلُّ مُحْدَثَةٍ بِدْعَةٌ
وَكُلُّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلالَةٌ وَكُلُّ ضَلالَةٍ فِي النَّارِ
All praise is due to Allah SWT, Lord of the worlds, The Cherisher, The Sustainer.
May peace and blessings be upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, his noble family, his companions and all those who follow their guidance till the Day of Qiamah.
Dear respected brothers & sisters;
Alhamdulillah, we thank Allah SWT for the blessings of Jummah, for gathering us on a blessed day, in the blessed month of Ramadhan. We ask Allah SWT to forgive our sins, and to forgive our loved ones who have passed away. Ameen.
Allah SWT says in the Surat Al-Baqarah:
O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous -
(Quran 2: 184)
We remind ourselves to fear Allah SWT as He should be feared. Fear Allah when in Ramadhan and when outside of Ramadhan, in all places and in all situations, at home and at work, in public and in private, and do not transgress His limits.
We are now halfway through Ramadhan. It is going very fast and will soon finish. It is important we ask ourselves if have we reached the level of taqwa which is the purpose of this blessed month.
Today, in the second Jummah of Ramadhan, inshaAllah, we are going to share some of the Sunnahs of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ in regard to fasting during Ramadhan.
1. Sunnah To Eat Suhoor (or Sahoor or Sehri).
The Prophet ﷺ said: “Eat sahoor, for in sahoor there is blessing.”
And he ﷺ also said: “Verily Allah, may He be exalted, and His angels send blessings upon those who eat sahoor.”
We know some people have to get up very early for work or study, and would find it difficult to wake up for suhoor, then try to sleep again.
We advise people to try even taking something simple like water and dates for suhoor to gain its blessing. InshaAllah, the fast is easier as the blessing of suhoor gives one strength and energy to fast.
2. Sunnah To Break The Fast With Dates.
Narrated by Anas ibn Malik (Allah be pleased with him): The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to break his fast before praying with some fresh dates; but if there were no fresh dates, he had a few dry dates, and if there were no dry dates, he took some mouthfuls of water.
We learn here it is more blessed to break our fast with dates, which are naturally sweet and tolerated easily by the body after many hours of fasting.
If we do not have dates, inshaAllah, we can substitute this with any sweet fruit with the intention of following the Sunnah of the Prophet (ﷺ). Then after the dates, we can proceed to enjoy the other food items, inshaAllah, but minding to perform the Maghrib prayers in good time as well.
3. Sunnah To Break The Fast As Soon As You Can (Hasten to Iftar).
Sahl b. Sa’d (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: The people will continue to prosper as long as they hasten the breaking of the fast.
Some people believe it is more virtuous to lengthen the fast and delay its breaking; this is not so as it is against the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.
If we are in a situation where we cannot have a proper meal at the time of breaking the fast, maybe we are driving home from work, then it is better to stop and break the fast with some water or dates before continuing the journey.
4. Sunnah To Avoid Getting Angry, Swearing and Negative Talk.
Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him):
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: Fast is a shield; when one of you is fasting, he should neither behave in an obscene manner nor foolishly. If a man fights or abuses him, he should say: I am fasting, I am fasting...
(Continues; part of a hadith)
In this hadith, we learn that our fasting is a shield, or protection from aggression and argumentation. With fasting, we are training ourselves to control our speech; we do not swear nor use bad language, and we do not raise our voices to shout at someone.
If we are in a situation where someone provokes us to make us angry, we should take it as a test from Allah SWT and try to suppress our emotion; say I am fasting.
This Sunnah aims to improve our character; for example for someone who is always arguing, always getting angry over small inconveniences, to become a more tolerant, patient individual, especially with his own family, inshaAllah.
We should make extra effort to avoid gossiping and spreading fitnah, both with our words and what we share in the social media. We do not want to lose our reward for fasting, reduced to just hunger and thirst without any virtue because of our words and actions. May Allah SWT accept our fast.
5. Sunnah To Be Generous and Study the Quran.
It was narrated that ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas, (Allah be pleased with him) used to say: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) was the most generous of people, and he was most generous in Ramadan when Jibril
(عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) met him. Jibril (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) used to meet him every night during the month of Ramadan and study Quran with him.”
And he said: “When Jibril (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) met him, the Messenger of Allah was more generous in doing good than the blowing wind.”
More generous than the blowing wind means the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) was very quick and very widespread in his charity and generosity, especially in Ramadhan. We should do the same, by making Sadaqah in addition to the obligatory Zakat.
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) also studied the Quran with Jibril (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ). We should follow this example, and make a strong connection with the Quran, by reading a portion of the Quran every night, even just 10 verses if someone is struggling. Read and contemple the words of Allah SWT.
6. Pray Taraweeh.
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “He who observes optional prayer (Tarawih prayers) throughout Ramadan, out of sincerity of Faith and in the hope of earning reward will have his past sins pardoned.”
Ideally, this is performed in the masjid as part of the congregation behind the imam, as there is a higher reward when praying in congregation.
If someone is unable to attend the masjid, or only able to attend part of the prayers, then inshaAllah, he can perform the Tarawih prayers with his family, or on his own depending on the situation, but do not let one night pass without doing the night prayers, especially in the second half of Ramadhan.
May Allah SWT give us the ability to fast according to the Sunnah of the Prophet (ﷺ) and to learn the wisdom behind these blessed actions.
أَقُولُ قَوْ لِي هَذَا، وأَسْتِغْفِرُاللَّهَ الْعَظِيمَ لِي وَلَكُمْ
وَلِسَائِرِالْمُسْلِمِينِ ، فَاسْتَغْفِرُوهُ ، إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ
بِسْمِ اللهِ، وَالْحَمْدُ للهِ، وَالصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ
صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ
أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ :
بَلِّغُوا عَنِّي وَلَوْ آيَةً
Abdullah ibn Amr (Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Verily, the supplication (or dua) of a fasting person is not turned away at the time of breaking fast .”
Abdullah ibn Amr would say when breaking fast,
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِرَحْمَتِكَ الَّتِي
وَسِعَتْ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ أَنْ تَغْفِرَ لِي
“O Allah, I ask You by Your mercy, which encompasses all things, to forgive me.”
There are other recommended dua at the time of breaking fast which we can also use.
Respected brothers & sisters;
Remember to make plenty of istighfar and dua in these blessed times. These can be made at anytime, such as during the day, when breaking the fast and of course, during the blessed nights, especially the last third of the night with Tahajjud prayers.
Do not forget to perform the other sunnah prayers, such as the 2 rakaat befor Fajr, 2 rakaat after Isya, the Duha and Witr prayers.
Importantly, let us make the strong intention to never miss the 5 times Fard salah, especially in Ramadhan. No matter how many Sunnah prayers we do, they cannot compare to missing just 1 Fard salah.
Respected brothers and sisters;
As a final reminder for today's khutbah, the second half of Ramadhan contains the most blessed night, Laylatul Qadr, a night in which any ibadah is equivalent to 1000 months. SubhanAllah! In this amazing night, the reward of one Zikr, one sadaqah, or one salah is equivalent to 1000 months (or as some scholars say, 83 years and 4 months) of ibadah.
Do not let this night slip away. We should train and organise ourselves from tonight to do as many good deeds as possible. Do not take the risk of aiming for the odd nights, or the 27th night. We know that an odd night here in Ireland is an even night in another country, so do not take any chances; let us increase in our ibadah from tonight.
May Allah SWT bless us with Laylatul Qadr, give us the reward of a thousand months, and fulfill all our dua. Ameen.
Allah SWT knows best.
May Allah SWT give us tawfiq to benefit from what has been shared today. Ameen.
اَللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِلْمُسْلِمِيْنَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ
وَالْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ اْلأَحْيَاءِ مِنْهُمْ وَاْلأَمْوَاتِ
إِنَّكَ سَمِيْعٌ قَرِيْبٌ مُجِيْبُ الدَّعَوَاتِ
رَبَّنَا لَا تُؤَاخِذْنَآ إِن نَّسِينَآ أَوْ أَخْطَأْنَا ۚ
رَبَّنَا وَلَا تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْنَآ إِصْرًا كَمَا حَمَلْتَهُۥ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِنَا ۚ
رَبَّنَا وَلَا تُحَمِّلْنَا مَا لَا طَاقَةَ لَنَا بِهِۦ ۖ وَٱعْفُ عَنَّاوَٱغْفِرْ لَنَا وَٱرْحَمْنَآ ۚأَنْتَ مَوْلَىٰنَا فَٱنْصُرْنَا عَلَى ٱلْقَوْمِ ٱلْكَٰفِرِينَ
رَبَّنَآ أَفْرِغْ عَلَيْنَا صَبْرًا وَثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَنَا
وَٱنصُرْنَا عَلَى ٱلْقَوْمِ ٱلْكَٰفِرِينَ
رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَا أَنفُسَنَا وَإِن لَّمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا
وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَالْخَاسِرِينَ
رَبَّنَآ ءَامَنَّا فَٱغْفِرْ لَنَا وَٱرْحَمْنَا وَأَنتَ خَيْرُ ٱلرَّٰحِمِينَ
رَبَّنَا لاَ تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةً
إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْوَهَّابُ
وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ
إنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالْإِحْسَانِ وَإِيتَاءِ ذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ
وَيَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنْكَرِ وَالْبَغْيِ ۚ
يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ
فَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ الْعَظِيمَ يَذْكُرْكُمْ، وَاشْكُرُوهُ عَلَى نِعَمِهِ يَزِدْكُمْ
وَلَذِكْرُ اللَّهِ أَكْبَرُ، وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَصْنَعُونَ